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NERC Impact Awards... by Katherine Royse

The very first NERC Impact Awards, to formally recognise and reward NERC-funded researchers who are achieving substantial impact on our economy and society, was held on Tuesday 27th January in London. Katherine Royse, BGS Science Director for environmental modelling, reports on the event...
Categories: #NERCawards; Impact Awards; Katherine Royse; NERC; NERC Impact Awards;

Twenty-five sonnets over 4 billion years

Lounge of the Lab Lemming | 31 January, 2015
For the last 6 months, I've been summarizing research articles from the high profile academic journal Geology in sonnet form; trying to distill the artistic meaning of the research, be it the methodology or the interpretations.  The first 25 of th...
Categories: Rheologic Rhymes;

Potential impacts of shale gas exploitation on groundwater... by Mark Stevenson

Rob Ward is our newly appointed honorary Professor and Science Director for Groundwater. On the 20th January he presented 'Potential impacts of shale gas exploitation on groundwater'at a seminar hosted by the University of Nottingham and BGS. Here, Mark Stevenson (a PhD student from the University of Nottingham) reports on how it went...
Categories: groundwater; Mark Stevenson; Rob Ward; shale gas; University of Nottingham;

Going Green (Infrastructure): Opportunities to join Anne’s research group

Highly Allochthonous | 31 January, 2015
I'm thrilled to announce that my research group will be expanding this summer. I've received a couple of pieces of funding that enable me to continue and expand the work I've been doing related to the hydrologic and water quality effects of green infrastructure, at scales ranging from a single green roof or bioretention cell up to urban watersheds encompassing multiple communities. My group will be collaborating with the amazing folks at Cleveland Metroparks' Watershed Stewardship Center, an innovative facility with simultaneous aims to engage urban residents with their local water resources and to conducting scientific research.
Categories: by Anne; hydrology; science education; green infrastructure; urban watersheds;

The Ophiolite of northern Oman and United Arab Emirates with Mike Searle | ophiolite

The Traveling Geologist | 31 January, 2015
Ophiolites are giant thrust sheets comprised of oceanic crust and upper mantle rocks that have been emplaced (obducted) onto a previously passive continental margin. The Oman - UAE (United Arab Emirates) ophiolite is a 15-20 thick slice of Tethyan oceanic crust and upper mantle rocks, underlain by a granulite-amphibolite-greenschist facies 'Metamorphic sole'. It has been emplaced several 100 km SW onto the previously passive margin of Arabia during the Late Cretaceous (between ~95 - 75 million years ago). About 7 or 8 major thrust slices comprising distal to proximal Tethyan sedimentary rocks underlie the ophiolite and above the Pemrian - Mesozoic shelf carboantes. These thrust sheets record closure of an ocean several 100 kilometers wide offshore the Arabian continental margin. The Oman Mountains are by far the largest and best exposed ophiolite complex anywhere in the World and therefore Oman and UAE is a Mecca for geologists interested in the structure and composition of the oceanic lithosphere, subduction zone metamorphism, fold and thrust belts, granulite, amphibolite and eclogite facies metamorphism and lots more. Ophiolite obduction has also resulted in many of the structures that form oil and gas traps in the Arabian foreland.
Categories: Mike Searle; Recent; Oman; ophiolite;

Spurious correlations: How Alaskan pollock predict a Seahawks Super Bowl win!

Deep Sea News | 31 January, 2015
This is a guest post by Kirstin Holsman, who works on developing quantitative methods for ecosystem-based fisheries management and methods to assess and manage for climate-change impacts on fish and fisheries at the University of Washington Joint ...
Categories: Biology; Climate Change; Conservation & Environment; Fish; Fishing; fisheries; modeling; pollock;

Allow This Beautiful Bald Eagle to Highlight Some Geology

En Tequila Es Verdad | 31 January, 2015
So no shit, there we were at Discovery Park on a foggy winter day, and I was taking photos of a bit of the bluff that will soon be a bit of the beach. Just then, a bloody ginormous bald eagle came sailing in, majestic as you like.
Categories: bit o' fun; science;

One of California's Most Precious and Endangered Ecosystems: Riparian Oak Woodlands

Geotripper | 31 January, 2015
Sunset at Caswell Memorial State ParkAsk people who know California what ecosystem has declined in area by more than 90%, and chances are they will answer "the Redwood forests". And they would be right. But given that there were once millions of acres of Redwood forests, it is also true that there are still a few large wilderness areas in the Redwoods, including a national park and many state parks. 
Categories: Caswell Memorial State Park; Northern Flicker; Riparian Brush Rabbit; Riparian Oak Woodand; Stanislaus River; turkey vulture;

"Buona notte dallo spazio!"

ImaGeo | 31 January, 2015
Pic of the Day Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti posted this absolutely stunning image to Twitter from the International Space Station on Friday, Jan. 30. She included this message: "Buona notte dallo spazio!" ("Good night from space.") ...
Categories: None

Camera now measuring even fainter Near-Earth Objects

Planetary Society Weblog | 30 January, 2015
Camera purchased with the support of a 2009 Shoemaker NEO Grant is now on a new telescope providing follow-up measurements for even fainter near-Earth objects....
Categories: None

Halfway Through Season, Snowpack in U.S. West Thins

ImaGeo | 30 January, 2015
January was not kind to snowpack in the mountains of the U.S. West -- from which most residents of this part of the country derive their water. This week is about the half-way mark for snow season in the West, and scientists have fanned out through...
Categories: None

Geo 1095: January 30, Day 760: No Cerberus

Outside the Interzone | 30 January, 2015
At the entrance to Oregon Caves, one goes in on a metal grate walkway, with the stream "River Styx," flowing the opposite direction underneath. In Greek and Roman mythology, after death, one entered the gate to the underworld, which was guarded by Cerberus, a three-headed dog. It's purpose was two-fold: to keep the dead from escaping and the living from entering. After passing through the gate, the deceased would cross the River Styx with the ferryman Charon, to reach the final destination, which was overseen by Hades/Pluto. We're crossing Styx on a bridge, so I guess Charon is morosely unemployed. But I was grateful that the park rangers had restrained Cerberus somewhere away from us tourists.
Categories: Earth; Geo 1095; Geology; Not Dead Yet; Oregon;

Curiosity update: ‘Sample transfer to CheMin’

Red Planet Report | 30 January, 2015
Sol 884, January 30, 2015, update from USGS Scientist Lauren Edgar: After successfully drilling the target 'Mojave2′ on Sol 882, the next step is to deliver the sample to CheMin for analysis. We acquired some great Mastcam and MAHLI images of t...
Categories: Reports; Aeolis Mons; Curiosity; Gale Crater; Mars Science Laboratory; Mojave2; Mount Sharp; MSL; NASA; Pahrump Hills;

Does Black Beauty represent bulk of Mars crust?

Red Planet Report | 30 January, 2015
New spectroscopic analysis of "Black Beauty," a meteorite found in the Moroccan desert, has given scientists a better picture of the crust beneath Mars' red dust. The meteorite, also known as NWA 7034, is like no other rock ever found ... Conti...
Categories: Reports; Black Beauty; breccia; Mars meteorites; NWA 7034;

MPA Students Focus on Campus Waste

State of the Planet | 30 January, 2015
During the fall 2014 semester, members of the MPA in Environmental Science class of 2015 conducted campus-wide waste audits to gain a better understanding of student recycling habits. Read an account of the project from Adrian Ang, one of leaders of ...
Categories: General Earth Institute; MPA in Environmental Science and Policy; MPA in Environmental Science and Policy News; student news;

ACLU steps into Gila Case

Inkstain (John Fleck) | 30 January, 2015
As near as I can tell, the American Civil Liberties Union has no particular stake in water policy. But the venerable champion of free speech is wading into the rancorous New Mexico debate over the possible diversion of water from the Gila River. Lauren Villagran writes (behind surveywall):
Categories: Colorado River; New Mexico; water;

Brazil, California Face Specter of Worsening Drought

Dr. Jeff Masters' WunderBlog | 30 January, 2015
January has not been kind to two parched corners of the Americas. A large chunk of California's San Francisco Bay area is wrapping up the month with no measurable rainfall, a first for January since records began--all the way back to 1850 in the ca...
Categories: None

From a Roadside View to a Global View

Notes from the field | 30 January, 2015
Credit: NASA/Kathryn Hansen California road trips cry out for a game I like to call "Guess What's Growing by the Side of the Road." The rules are simple - glance at the green leaves sprouting from the ground and guess whether they're carrot...
Categories: Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP);

Study Finds Genetic Clues to How Plants Adapt to Climate

State of the Planet | 30 January, 2015
Using supercomputers to analyze hundreds of thousands of genetic markers in a thousand plant samples, scientists say they have found how a common weed uses its genetic code to adapt to changes in its environment such as freezing temperatures and drou...
Categories: Agriculture-Food; Climate; Arabidopsis thaliana; Earth Institute Fellows; gene expression; plant evolution; supercomputing;

Comet C/2014 Q2 (Lovejoy) reaches perihelion.

Sciency Thoughts | 30 January, 2015
Comet C/2014 Q1 (Lovejoy) reached its perihelion (the closest point on its orbit to the Sun) on Friday 30 January 2015, when it will be 1.29 AU from the Sun (i.e. 1.29 times the average distance at which the Earth orbits the Sun). It is potentially ...
Categories: C/2014 Q2 (Lovejoy); Comets; Non-periodic Comets; Solar System;

HiRISE: Dark slope streaks

Red Planet Report | 30 January, 2015
"If we wonder often, the gift of knowledge will come," Arapaho proverb. Beautiful Mars series....
Categories: Reports; Beautiful Mars; dark slope streaks; High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment; HiRISE; Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter; MRO; NASA; slope streaks; University of Arizona;

THEMIS: Windstreaks false color

Red Planet Report | 30 January, 2015
THEMIS Image of the Day, January 30, 2015. The THEMIS VIS camera contains 5 filters. The data from different filters can be combined in multiple ways to create a false color image. These false color images may reveal subtle variations ... Continue re...
Categories: Reports; Arizona State University; ASU; collapse pits; craters; dust; Mars Odyssey; NASA; THEMIS; Thermal Emission Imaging System; wind streaks;

Talking to Pluto is hard! Why it takes so long to get data back from New Horizons

Planetary Society Weblog | 30 January, 2015
As I write this post, New Horizons is nearing the end of a weeklong optical navigation campaign. The last optical navigation images in the weeklong series will be taken tomorrow, but it will likely take two weeks or more for all the data to get to Ea...
Categories: None

Birth of a Desert

State of the Planet | 30 January, 2015
North Africa once was quite green, From ancient lakes, clues we can glean:...
Categories: General Earth Institute; Climate; Geopoetry;

The science of sustainable development, what shall I teach?

Cabot Institute Blog | 30 January, 2015
Next week I will teach the first of three lectures which constitute the Science of Sustainable Development within the Sustainable Development course at the University of Bristol. This is an open unit and can therefore be attended by first year undergraduate students from across the university.
Categories: education for sustainable development; IPCC; Jonny Williams; sustainability; sustainable development; University of Bristol;

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